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An Experimental Translocation of the Eastern Timber Wolf
written by "Hook, Richard A."
...l wandering. The animals cannot be expected to establish a home range centered on or even including the point of release. (2) The habitat in Upper Michigan apparently is adequate to support wolves, in terms of food and cover, for the carcasses of the two experimental wolves that could be examined intact had maintained or improved their condition during their 6-to-8-month residence in Michigan. (3) The reason for the failure of the experimental wolves to re-establish themselves was direct mortality by human beings, just as Hendrickson et al. (1975) concluded was the case for the failure of native and immigrant Michigan wolves to re-establish a population. This mortality probably is related to two factors, negative human attitudes toward wolves and accessibility of humans to wolf range. We are convinced that, ecologically, wolves can be re-established in Upper Michigan. However, a successful program of re-establishment will require the following: 1. A survey of public attitudes in Upper Michigan toward re-establishing wolves, 2. An intensive public relations campaign to promote an understanding of wolf ecology and the benefits of a wolf population, 3. Suspension or removal of the bounty on coyotes, 4. Releases of additional wolves in larger numbers perhaps over a period of a few years, if public attitudes appear favorable, 5. A concentrated effort to inform the public of the penalties for killing wolves, 6. A concerted law enforcement program, and 7. Monitoring of translocated animals through radio-tracking to determine the results. Fig. 25.—Although the transplant experiment enjoyed wide public support, some people opposed it and organized the Baraga County Wolf Hunters Association to try to prevent the re-establishment effort [Pg 27] ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This project was a cooperative effort among the Michigan Department of Natural Resources, The Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, ...

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