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Special Report on Diseases of Cattle
written by "Atkinson, V. T. (Vickers T.), -1891"
...sage of the pelvis impossible. In my experience with large, fleshy tumors of the abdomen, I have cut open the chest, removed the lungs and heart, cut through the diaphragm with the knife, and removed the tumor piecemeal by alternate tearing and cutting until the volume of the body was sufficiently reduced to pass through. Where this failed it would remain to cut off the anterior part of the body, removing as much of the chest as possible, and cutting freely through the diaphragm; then, pushing back the remainder of the body, the hind limbs may be seized and brought into the passages and the residue thus extracted. The tumor, unless very large, will get displaced backward so as not to prove an insuperable obstacle. In many cases the apparent tumor is a blighted ovum which has failed to develop, but has grafted itself on its more fortunate twin and from it has drawn its nourishment. These are usually sacs containing hair, skin, muscle, bone, or other natural tissues, and only exceptionally do they show the distinct outline of the animal. MONSTROSITY IN THE CALF. As a monstrous development in the calf may hinder calving, it is well to consider shortly the different directions in which these deviations from the natural form appear. Their origin and significance will be rendered clearer if we divide them according to the fault of development in individual cases. Monsters are such— (1) From absence of parts—absence of head, limb, or other organ—arrested development. (2) From some organ being unnaturally small, as a dwarfed head, limb, trunk, etc.—arrested development. (3) From unnatural division of parts—cleft lips, palate, head, trunk, limbs, etc.—abnormal growth. (4) From the absence of natural divisions—absence of mouth, nose, eye, anus; the cloven foot of ox or pig becomes solid, like that of the horse, etc.—confluence of parts which are rightfully separate. (5) From the fus...

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